Celebrated on the second Thursday in March, the mission of World Kidney Day is to raise awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide.
- About 1 in 10 people have some degree of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). It can develop at any age and various conditions can lead to CKD. It however becomes more common with increasing age. After the age of 40, kidney filtration begins to fall by approximately 1% per year. On top of the natural aging of the kidneys, many conditions which damage the kidneys are more common in older people including diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.
- There is no cure for chronic kidney disease, although treatment can slow or halt the progression of the disease and can prevent other serious conditions developing.
- The main treatments are a proper diet and medications, and for those who reach ESRD, long term dialysis treatment or kidney transplantation.
- Currently in New York State 8,641 people are waiting for a life saving kidney transplant.
- Kidney transplantation is considered the best treatment for many people with severe CKD because quality of life and survival are often better than in people who use dialysis.
- There is a shortage of organs available for donation. Many people who are candidates for kidney transplantation are put on a transplant waiting list and require dialysis until an organ is available. In New York State, over 1,000 people have been on the kidney transplant waiting list for more than five years.
- A kidney can come from a living relative, a living unrelated person, or from a person who has died (deceased or cadaver donor); only one kidney is required to survive.
- Overall, transplant success rates are very good. Transplants from deceased donors have an 85 to 90% success rate for the first year. That means that after one year, 85 to 90 out of every 100 transplanted kidneys are still functioning. Live donor transplants have a 90 to 95% success rate. Long-term success is good for people of all ages.
- After only two years, the cumulative cost of dialysis surpasses the costs associated with transplantation. Additionally, kidney transplantation is associated with lower mortality and improved quality of life compared with chronic dialysis treatment.